The skin is the largest organ in the body. It functions as a barrier against microbes and outside elements, helps regulate the body’s temperature, and houses the nerves responsible for sensations of touch, heat, and cold.
Harsh weather conditions, combined with stress and other lifestyle factors, can take their toll on the skin. Taking care of one’s skin is key in retaining its radiant glow and health—and it is not just the women who can benefit from it.
A simple skincare routine is essential for maintaining its health and overall condition. This article will provide each step necessary for basic skincare.
The Basics of Skincare
Basic skincare revolves around three steps: cleansing, moisturizing, and protecting. Depending on individual skin concerns to address, various treatments can be added. These treatments are optional as they can make the routine more elaborate.
A good cleanser should be able to wash off the impurities from the face without stripping it of its natural oils. The cleanser should also be non-comedogenic, meaning it should not clog the skin’s pores and cause acne or irritation. There are a variety of cleansers in the market, making it important to choose one suited for a person’s skin type.
Cleansing should be done twice a day to avoid clogged pores and dirt buildup. This step can be done at the start and end of the day, ideally while taking a shower.
When washing off makeup or sunscreen, it is advisable to double cleanse. This starts with an oil-based cleanser to remove the makeup or sunscreen, followed by a water-based cleanser or facial wash to wash away the remaining residue.
For those with dry skin, heavier moisturizers like lotions and creams can be more effective. Meanwhile, those with oily skin should use lighter moisturizers that are water or gel-based. Moisturizers designed for daytime use typically provide some SPF protection, while nighttime moisturizers tend to be thicker to increase moisture absorption.
The best times to use a moisturizer are after cleansing, bathing, shaving, or exfoliating. It is during these times that the skin is still damp, and the moisturizer is able to seal in the existing hydration. When applying moisturizer, spread the product evenly across the face in gentle motions.
Sunscreen falls into two (2) categories, depending on the active ingredients used to make them. Physical sunscreen ingredients like titanium dioxide and zinc oxide create a physical barrier that blocks and scatters the UV rays. While these are less likely to cause irritation, they can often leave a grayish or white tint on the skin.
Meanwhile, chemical sunscreen ingredients like avobenzone and octisalate absorb the UV rays before they damage the skin. Formulations with chemical ingredients tend to be more lightweight, easier to apply, and are transparent on the skin.
Sunscreen should be applied after moisturizer during the day, 30 minutes before exposure to the sun. SPF 15 is advisable for everyday, minimal exposure, while SPF 30 or higher is better for prolonged outdoor exposure.
Exfoliants should only be used sparingly—around two (2) to three (3) times a week—in the morning. They should not be used with other treatments and products that can dry out or irritate the skin.
Keep Your Skin Safe
The skin plays an important role—it is not only an essential part of the senses that also makes us look good, but it is also as the body’s natural defense against the elements. Having a simple skincare routine of cleansing, moisturizing, and sunscreen can help retain the skin’s radiant glow and maintain its critical functions.
For any skincare-related concerns, reach out to Makati Medical Center’s Skin & Laser Hub or Wellness Center today.